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September 26, 2023 In hernia surgery By Dr. Vikas Singhal

Do I Need Hernia Surgery?

Despite being frequent, hernias can cause serious health issues. They happen when an organ or tissue pokes through a weak place in the muscles or connective tissues that surround it. Anyone can get a hernia, from young children to the elderly, and while some may not need immediate care, others do.

Hernias: An Overview

Hernias occur when a localized weakness in the abdominal wall enables organs or tissues to protrude through. They are sometimes compared to structural flaws in our body’s construction. The most common form of hernia, inguinal hernias, shows up in the groin region, whereas femoral hernias show up further down in the thigh or groin. Umbilical hernias affect the area around the navel.

This illness is generalized and may impact individuals of any age, often related to heavy lifting, prolonged coughing, or even hereditary susceptibility. The first step in choosing the best course of action for determining the type of hernia and its underlying reasons is understanding how to treat and recover from it.

Hernia Symptoms

It’s critical to get medical assistance as soon as you notice any of these signs in order to identify the extent of your hernia and the best course of action.

  • Bulging: The afflicted region develops a perceptible lump or bulge, usually while standing or straining.
  • Pain: Constant discomfort or pain, especially while lifting, coughing, or sneezing, is said to be uncomfortable.
  • Pressure: A feeling of weight or fullness in the belly.
  • Aching: Dull, painful sensation at the region of injury.
  • Burning: A burning or bubbling sensation at the hernia’s location.
  • Swelling: Inflammation or swelling surrounding the mass.
  • Nausea: Occasionally experiencing nausea or vomiting.
  • Bowel habits: Alterations such as constipation or altered bowel movements.

When Surgery Might Be Required

The following situations make urgent surgery necessary:

  • Irreducible Hernia: A hernia is referred to as irreducible or imprisoned when it cannot be carefully pushed back into position without surgery. An emergency medical condition called a strangulated hernia may result from this circumstance.
  • Constant Pain: Hernias that cause ongoing pain or discomfort, which interferes with everyday activities or quality of life, frequently require surgery.
  • Enlargement: Surgical surgery may be indicated if the hernia keeps expanding or changing in appearance.
  • Risk of strangulation: In the event that the hernia’s blood supply is cut off (strangulation), immediate surgery is necessary to prevent tissue damage.
  • Heavy physical activity: People who engage in physically taxing activities or employment may choose surgery to avoid limits caused by hernias.

The type and extent of the hernia, the patient’s general health, and their lifestyle all play a role in the choice to have hernia surgery.

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Hernia Surgery Types

The best surgery method is chosen after consultation with a surgeon to take into account specific conditions.

There are two main methods:

1. Open Hernia Repair

  • Herniorrhaphy: This entails cutting a hole right over the hernia site. The surgeon fixes the compromised spot with stitches or mesh and forces the projecting tissue back into the abdominal cavity. It can take many weeks to recover.
  • Hernioplasty: Comparable to herniorrhaphy, but usually entails using artificial mesh to reinforce the abdominal wall. This method offers a quick healing time and a reduced recurrence rate.

2. Robotic Hernia Repair 

  • Robotic Hernia Repair : Small incisions are made during this treatment, and the hernia is repaired using a laparoscope (a thin tube with a camera). This method frequently results in a quicker recovery, less discomfort, and smaller scars.

Every strategy offers benefits and things to think about. The decision is based on the patient’s general health, the type of hernia, and the surgeon’s suggestion.

Rehabilitation and Recuperation

The majority of hernia operations are performed as outpatient procedures, allowing patients to go home the same day. A brief hospital stay, however, may be necessary in some severe instances.

At the surgical site, patients frequently suffer some pain, edema, and bruising. To address this, a doctor could give pain medication.

The length of time it takes to fully recuperate varies based on the type of surgery and the patient. Depending on the kind of operation, patients can often resume mild activities and employment within a week or two. Heavy lifting and strenuous activity may be prohibited for a number of weeks. For a quick recovery, it’s critical to carefully follow your surgeon’s post-operative recommendations.

Consulting An Expert Hernia Repair Surgeon

The decision to undergo hernia surgery is a significant one, and choosing the right surgeon is equally crucial.

  • Accurate Diagnosis: Expert surgeons can precisely diagnose the type and severity of your hernia, ensuring you receive the most appropriate treatment.
  • Specialized Knowledge: Hernia repair surgeons possess in-depth knowledge of the latest techniques and advancements in hernia surgery.
  • Personalized Treatment: They tailor treatment plans to your specific needs, considering factors like age, overall health, and the type of hernia.
  • Minimized Risks: Skilled surgeons can perform procedures with minimal risks and complications, ensuring your safety throughout the surgery.
  • Improved Recovery: Thanks to their experience, patients heal more quickly, have less pain, and may resume regular activities sooner.
  • Long-term outcomes: Surgeons with a good track record produce outcomes that last for a long time and stop hernias from returning.

Expertise such as that of Dr Vikas Singhal is important in hernia surgery. You can obtain the greatest care and have a better chance of success by consulting a specialist hernia repair surgeon like Dr Vikas Singhal.


Hernias require meticulous assessment to determine whether surgery is required. Even while not all hernias require immediate attention, those that are causing pain, discomfort, or other problems should be treated right away. Consulting the expert hernia repair surgeon, Dr. Vikas Singhal will provide an accurate diagnosis and tailored advice.

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